Hospital acquired pneumonia

Clinical development of pneumonia occurring at 48 hours after admission and not incubating at the time of hospitalization, and occurs at the rate of 5 to 10 cases per 1000 hospital discharges.

300,000 cases annually in the U.S.

Second most common nosocomial infection after urinary tract infections, accounting for 31% of all nosocomial infections.

The second most common type of infection acquired in the hospital, behind UTI, with 40% of cases being postoperative.

Incidence highest in ICU’s.

Mortality 30-70%.

Incidence 3.2 cases/1000 ICU days in non-ventilated patients and 34.4 cases/1000 Intensive Care Unit (ICU) days in ventilated patients.

Associated with additional 12 days and ventilation therapy, double mortality and prolonged ICU stay by 6-19 days per patient.

Staphylococcal and Enterobacteria are more prevalent in such patients.

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