Mental illness

450 million people suffer with mental disorders worldwide.

About  one in eight people worldwide, nearly 1,000,000,000 individuals, live with a mental health disorder (WHO).

Mental illnesses are is more common than cancer, diabetes, or heart disease. 

As of 2021, over 22 percent of all Americans over the age of 18 meet the criteria for having a mental illness.

Evidence suggests that 970 million people worldwide have a mental disorder.

Mental illnesses are a leading cause of disease burden worldwide, with anxiety disorders being the second most influential contributor, after depressive disorders to global disability adjusted life years..

One fourth of the world’s population will suffer a mental or behavioral disorder during their lifetime.

Mental illness accounts for about one-third of adult disability globally.

One of every hundred deaths is due to suicide and is a leading cause of adolescent death.

Mental health conditions represent the fifth greatest contributor to global burden of disease, with an economic cost of $2.5 trillion in 2010 in expected to be 6.0 trillion by 2030.

Governments spend on average 2% of health budgets on mental health care, and low and middle income countries spend just about 1%.

Roughly half the world‘s population lives in the country with one psychiatrist for 200,000 or more people.

Child and adolescent mental health specialists in many low and middle income countries are almost nonexistent.

Most people living with mental illness do not get care.

Many individuals with mental health conditions face human right violations, and counting discrimination, exclusion from community life and work, face physical of sexual abuse, may be denied the right to food and shelter, and are prohibited from voting or marrying.

In many countries are mental health patients are concentrated in long-term psychiatric hospitals with human rights violations, where they may be held against their will and they experience overcrowding, unsatisfactory conditions, or inadequate nourishment.

Almost every country in the world fails to provide mental health care in comparison to physical health care.

Up to 20% of children and adolescents have a mental disorder in a given year (CDC).

Accounts for 25% of disability in the U.S. and is a leading cause of premature mortality.

Affects nearly 25% of the US adult population, with mood disorders affecting nearly 10%.

Approximately 22% of adult population in the U.S. has one or more diagnosable mental disorders in a year.

Approximate lifetime prevalence for anxiety disorders is 29% for U.S. adult population.

Approximate lifetime prevalence for impulse control disorders in the U.S. adult population is 25%.

People with a serious mental illness are responsible for less than 4% of all the violent acts committed in the United States.

Approximate lifetime prevalence for mood disorders in the U.S. adult population is 21%.

Approximate lifetime prevalence for substance abuse disorders is 15% for adult U.S. population.

Estimated that 1 in 10 children in the U.S. has a mental disorder.

Less than half of adults with mental health diagnoses receive treatment for their illness.

For patients with schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, or other more serious mental health conditions, less than 2/3 receive care for their illness.

Most mental disorders are associated with an increased risk of subsequent medical conditions.

Mental disorders in children and adolescents are increasing.

Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder is the most prevalent mental disorder diagnosed and reported among nearly 7% of children and teens.

Behavioral or conduct problems are reported among children and teens at 3.5% and 3% have anxiety disorders.

Depression affects 2.1% of children and adolescents.

Mental health issues associated with all cause mortality.

People with poor mental health have a shorter life expectancy.

Depression is associated with higher all-cause mortality.

1.1% of children and adolescents have autism spectrum disorders.

Tourette syndrome is reported in 0.2% of those aged 6-17 years.

Should be treated with the same rapidity as physical illnesses.

Influences onset, progression and prognosis of other illnesses and can correlate with health risk behaviors such as smoking, drug abuse and physical inactivity.

People with serious mental illnesses, such as schizophrenia have smoking rates reach as high as 75%.

Effects are evident across life span, among all socioeconomic groups and every ethnic, racial and cultural groups.

The social and physical environment interacting with genetics exert significant influence on the development of mental disease.

A disproportioned number of people with mental disorders smoke.

Nicotine improves some cognitive deficits associated with ADHD, Alzheimer’s disease and schizophrenia.

Patients suffering with mental disorders are less likely to quit smoking.

People with mental illnesses including schizophrenia and attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder may have a greater propensity to smoke and more positive effects than individuals without such illnesses.

Patients with serious mental illness such associated schizophrenia, major depression or bipolar disorder are 2-3 times associated likely associated people without such problems to be assaultive.

People with severe disease die up to 3 decades earlier than the general population.

Weight gain is a risk factor for the development of heart disease and early death.

Patients have a greater risk of weight gain and obesity than the general population.

Up to 60% of patients with severe mental illness may be obese.

Cardiovascular disease is the most common cause of death in this group of patients.

Obesity in mental illness is multifactorial and includes genetic and lifestyle factors plus treatment related effects.

Higher rates of smoking, physical inactivity, poor dietary habits, and limited access to healthcare.

Many psychotropic medications associated with weight gain.

Psychotropic drug induced weight gain can contribute to further excess bodyweight by impairing self-image, lowering self-esteem, and reducing social interactions.

Psychotropic induced weight gain can cause medication nonadherence and worsening outcomes for such patients.

Antidepressants associated with weight gain, and amitriptyline, mirtazapine and paroxetine are associated with the greatest risk.

Mental illness refers to a specific set of medically defined conditions.

Mental distress a term used to describe a range of symptoms and experiences of a persons internal life that are commonly held to be troubling, confusing, or out of the ordinary.

Mental distress may be exhibited with anxiety, confusion, hallucinations, anger, and depression without being ill in a medical sense.

Mental distress may be associated with a wide variety of life situations including: bereavement stress, loss of a job, sleep deprivation, alcohol abuse, drug abuse, assault, abuse or accidents.

Opioid Prescriptions Are Highest Among Patients With Mental Health Disorders

Prescription opioid use is highest among patients with mental health conditions like mood and anxiety disorders, accounting for more than half of all opioids prescribed in the United States.

It is estimated that, among the 38.6 million, 16% of the total US population Americans with mental health disorders, 7.2 million, 18.7%, take prescription opioids.

Of the 115 million opioid prescriptions distributed in the United States per year, a total of 60 million or 51.4%, of these are prescribed to adults with mental health disorders.

Opioid users with mental health disorders were more likely to be middle-aged, female, non-Hispanic white, and either divorced, separated, or widowed, compared with opioid users without mental health disorders.

The most common oral opioids prescribed were hydrocodone with acetaminophen, tramadol, and hydrocodone.

Adjusted analyses indicated that having a mental health disorder was associated with prescription opioid use overall.

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