Intraductal papilloma

Intraductal papilloma is a small, benign tumor that grows in a milk duct of the breast.

Most often occurs in women ages 35 – 55 years of age.

Its causes and risk factors are unknown.

May be associated with great enlargement, breast lump, pain, and nipple discharge.

A palpable mass is often not palpable and mammogram often is negative.

Breast self-examination and screening mammograms can help detect the disease early.

Ultrasound may be helpful in diagnosis.

A breast biopsy is necessary to rule out cancer.

An examination of nipple discharge for cytology should be performed.

Ductogram may be performed.

Treatment is with surgical resection.

Prognosis is excellent but patients with multiple papillomas, or who get them at an early age may have an increased risk of developing breast cancer.

No known way to prevent intraductal papilloma.

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