Eye in hypertension

Retinal, choroid and optic nerve circulations have pathophysiological changes in response to elevated blood pressure.

Results in hypertensive retinopathy, hypertensive choroidopathy and hypertensive optic neuropathy.

Associated with potentially blinding processes including retinal vein and arterial occlusions, retinal-arteriolar emboli and diabetic retinopathy.

May be related to two of the leading causes of blindness, glaucoma and age related macular degeneration.

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