Eye Disease

Nuclear and cortical cataracts, neovascular age-related maculopathy, dry eye syndromes, and poorer vision more frequent in women.

Most ophthalmologic diagnosis depends on observation using split lamp biomicroscopy.

Pupil constriction tests include direct photophobia with pain in the affected eye when it occurs when illuminated with the light.

Pupil constriction test with indirect photophobia is noted when the affected eye has pain when the contralateral eye is illuminated with a light.

A pupil constriction test, finger to nose convergence, results in pain in the affected eye when the patient focuses on their outstretched finger and slowly moves their finger towards his or her nose.

The conjunctival appearance is evaluated by the appearance of the tarsal vessels that are visible on everted upper or lower eyelids.

The conjuctival appearance of papillae which are contiguous red tiny vascular bumps replacing the normal smooth conjunctival surface giving a velvety appearance found in bacterial or allergic conjunctivitis.

The conjunctival appearance of follicles, which are discrete 1 to 2 mm diameter white avascular bumps on the normally smooth conjunctival surface suggests viral or chlamydial conjunctivitis.

Preauricular adenopathy located anterior to the tragus of the ear suggest viral or chlamydial conjunctivitis.

Iritis associated with inflammation of the iris and spasm of the ciliary body responsible for miosis and painful pupillary constriction.

Relative mydriasis may indicate acute angle-closure glaucoma.

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