Elastic bandages




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Refers to stretchable bandage used to create localized pressure.



Commonly used to treat muscle sprains and strains.



It reduces the flow of blood to a particular area by the application of even stable pressure which can restrict swelling at the place of injury. 



They are also used to treat bone fractures, to hold the splint in place and to protect it. 



This is a common technique for fractures which may swell, which would cause a cast to function improperly. These types of splints are usually removed after swelling has decreased and then a fiberglass or plaster cast can be applied.



Woven and knitted elastic bandages provide adequate compression without the use of natural rubber or latex. 



Elastic bandage is constructed from cotton, polyester and latex-free elastic yarns. 



The varied ratio of cotton, polyester, and the elastic yarns within a bandage, manufacturers are able to offer various grades of compression and durability in their wraps. 



Aluminum or stretchable clips or Velcro are used to fasten the bandage in place.



Used  in sports medicine and lymphedema and other venous conditions. 



Elastic bandages can also be used for weight loss when applied as a body wrap.



Commonly used for the treatment of venous leg ulcers, chronic edema, and other venous and lymphatic disorders.



Elastic bandages exert external compression counteracts capillary fluid infiltration by increasing local tissue pressure and enhances reabsorption by squeezing fluid from the interstitial space into the veins and lymphatic system.



Compression by elastic bandages reduces the diameter of major veins in the lower extremities, causing a reduction of local blood volume and redistribution of blood towards central circulation increasing preload and cardiac output.



Such compression treatment can reduce lymphatic fluid accumulation in tissue and can help control edema.



The main potential adverse effect of EB is compression ulcers.


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