Fitzpatrick scale



The Fitzpatrick scale is a numerical classification for human skin color. 

It is a way to estimate the response of different types of skin to ultraviolet (UV) light.

The Fitzpatrick scale is a recognized tool for dermatological research into human skin pigmentation.


Type 0: Albino

Type I: Pale white skin, burns easily, does not tan

Type II: White skin, burns easily, tans with difficulty

Type III: White skin, may burn but tans easily

Type IV: Light brown/olive skin, hardly burns, tans easily

Type V: Brown skin, usually does not burn, tans easily

Type VI: Black skin, very unlikely to burn, becomes darker with UV radiation exposure

Type I (scores 0–6) always burns, never tans (palest; freckles).


Type II (scores 7–13) usually burns, tans minimally


Type III (scores 14–20) sometimes mild burn, tans uniformly


Type IV (scores 21–27) burns minimally, always tans well (moderate brown)


Type V (scores 28–34) very rarely burns, tans very easily (dark brown)


Type VI (scores 35–36) never burns (deeply pigmented dark brown to darkest brown)


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