Emotional wellness refers to one’s emotional health and the ability to manage and understand one’s emotions in a healthy way. 

Emotional wellness involves being aware of and able to identify various emotions, coping with stress and challenges, having positive coping mechanisms, and forming healthy relationships. 

Emotional wellness involves having a balanced and positive outlook on life, and being able to express oneself and communicate effectively. 

Maintaining emotional wellness is important for overall well-being.

Maintaining emotional wellness can enhance one’s quality of life.

Well-being, also known as wellness, or quality of life, refers to what is intrinsically valuable relative to someone. 

The well-being of a person is what is ultimately good for this person, it is what is in the self-interest of this person.

Different types of well-being are distinguished: mental well-being, physical well-being, economic well-being or emotional well-being.

The different forms of well-being are often closely interlinked. 

Well-being plays a central role in ethics since what we ought to do depends, at least to some degree, on what would make someone’s life get better or worse.

Hedonistic theory of well-being correlates with the balance of pleasure over pain. 

Desire theories hold that well-being consists in desire-satisfaction: the higher the number of satisfied desires, the higher the well-being. 

Objective list theories state that a person’s well-being depends on a list of factors that may include both subjective and objective elements.

Well-being is the central subject of positive psychology, and its factors consist in having positive emotions, being engaged in an activity, having good relationships with other people, finding meaning in one’s life and a sense of accomplishment in the pursuit of one’s goals.

The well-being of a person is what is good for the person.

Developmental psychology analyzes well being in terms of a pattern of growth across the lifespan.

Personality psychology, analysis of self-actualization, 

individuation, maturity to account for psychological well-being, biological, psychological and social needs are considered in well-being.

Social well-being consists of:

social integration,

social contribution,

social coherence,

social actualization,

social acceptance.

To understand psychological well-being it is necessary to distinguish positive and negative effects and defining optimal psychological well-being and happiness as a balance between the two.

Life  satisfaction as the key indicator of psychological well-being.

Well-being is the product of many factors: feelings, beliefs, motivations, habits, resources, that are causally related in ways that explain increases in well-being or ill-being. 

Suggested components of wellbeing: frequent positive affects, infrequent negative affects, and life satisfactions. 

The factors that contribute to subjective well-being is based on the idea that how each person thinks and feels about his or her life is important.


Personal growth

Purpose in life

Environmental mastery


Positive relations with others

Mental well-being has three components, namely emotional or subjective well-being, psychological well-being, and social well-being .

Emotional well-being concerns subjective aspects of well-being, whereas psychological and social well-being concerns skills, abilities, and psychological and social functioning.

Well-being is a central concept in positive psychology, the reflection about what holds the greatest value in life – the factors that contribute the most to a well-lived and fulfilling life. 

Positive psychologists agree to experience the good life, one must live a happy, engaged, and meaningful life.

PERMA: Positive emotions, Engagement, Relationships, Meaning and purpose, and Accomplishments (Seligman).

Positive emotions in well-being: range of feelings, not just happiness and joy, but emotions like excitement, satisfaction, pride and awe: are frequently seen as connected to positive outcomes, such as longer life and healthier social relationships.

Engagement refers to involvement in activities that draws and builds upon one’s interests. 

True engagement as flow, is a feeling of intensity that leads to a sense of ecstasy and clarity.

The task being done needs to call upon higher skill and be a bit difficult and challenging yet still possible. 

Engagement involves passion for and concentration on the task at hand and is assessed subjectively as to whether the person engaged was completely absorbed, losing self-consciousness.

Relationships are all important in fueling positive emotions, whether they are work-related, familial, romantic, or platonic. 

Other people matter, as people receive, share, and spread positivity to others through relationships. 

They are important not only in bad times, but good times as well. 

In fact, relationships can be strengthened by reacting to one another positively. 

It is typical that most positive things take place in the presence of other people.

Finding meaning is learning that there is something greater than one’s self. 

Working with meaning drives people to continue striving for a desirable goal.

Accomplishments are the pursuit of success and mastery, and unlike the other parts of PERMA, they are sometimes pursued even when accomplishments do not result in positive emotions, meaning, or relationships. 

Accomplishments can activate the other elements of PERMA, such as pride.

Accomplishments can be individual or community-based, fun- or work-based.

The biopsychosocial model of well being emphasises the modifiable components needed for an individual to have a sense of wellbeing: 

healthy environments; physical, social, cultural, and economic, developmental competencies of healthy identity, emotional and behavioural regulation, interpersonal skills, and problem-solving skills, 

sense of belonging, healthy behaviors of sleep, nutrition, exercise, pleasurable and mastery activities, healthy coping, resilience, and 

treatment of illness.

Personal well-being helps define as how satisfied we are with our lives, our sense that what we do in life is worthwhile, our day to day emotional experiences of happiness and anxiety and our wider mental wellbeing.

Some forms of well-being, like sensory pleasures, are less valuable than other forms of well-being, like intellectual pleasures.

It is likely that what matters is not just the sum total of well -being factors, but also how the individual degrees of well-being are distributed. 

The concept of welfarism is committed to actions, policies, or rules that are based on how their consequences affect everyone’s well-being.

Wellbeing research finds that 33% of workers globally are thriving, 55% struggling and 11% suffering.

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