An uncommon variant of squamous cell carcinoma.
This form of cancer is often seen in those who chew tobacco or use snuff orally, so much so that it is sometimes referred to as “Snuff dipper’s cancer”.
It is usually seen in individuals over 60 years old.
Males are more prone to process than females.
Site of lesions include: gingiva, buccal mucosa, alveolar mucosa, hard palate, floor of the mouth, larynx, oesophagus, penis, vagina, and scrotum.
It appears as a slow growing, exophytic lesion usually covered by leukoplakic patches.
VC often seen in those who chew tobacco or use snuff orally.
The major risk factors are cigarette smoking,alcohol consumption, and betel nut consumption.
VC may occur in the head and neck, as well as in the genitalia or sole of the foot.
The oral cavity is the most common site of this tumor.
The ages range from 50 to 80 years.
There is a male predominance and a median age of 67 years.
If not treated VC may grow large in, resulting in the destruction of adjacent tissue, such as bone and cartilage.
Surgery with excision is considered the treatment of choice.
Local recurrence is not uncommon.
Metastases to distant parts of the body are rare.