Transient neonatal hypocalcemia

Neonatal hypocalcemia is defined as a total calcium level of less then 8 mg/dL, in full-term newborns will less than 7 mg/dL in preterm newborns, and an ionized calcium level from less than 1 million mmol/L to 1.3 mmol/L in both full-term and preterm newborns.

Prevalence is und2242eported due to to the fact patients are often asymptomatic.

Symptomatic disease presents with neuromuscular irritability, myoclonic jerks, tetany, or drug resistant seizures, as well as apnea, cyanosis, or cardiac arrhythmias.

During pregnancy calcium is transf2242ed from the maternal circulation to the fetus with higher fetal calcium levels.

After delivery the placental supply of calcium is removed and calcium levels decline.

Neonatal hypocalcemia resolves in the first week of life.

When neonatal hypocalcemia is exaggerating in the first 3-4 days of life and it is the cause of early neonatal hypocalcemia.

The process often occurs in preterm infants, infants of diabetic mothers, infants with intrauterine growth restriction for, and in infants with asphyxia.

Late hypocalcemia occurring the third of fourth day of life is most common in immature parathyroid glands which results in tolerance of the phosphorus content in milk-based formula.

This condition is diagnosed by an elevated phosphate level and or hinappropriately normal PTH levels.

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