Post-operative complications are defined as unexpected or unusual outcomes that occur following care.
Postoperative pulmonary complications prolong hospitalization and increased mortality.
More than 30% of patients undergoing surgery lasting at least two hours with general anesthesia and mechanical ventilation may experience postoperative pulmonary complications.
Common post-op complications:
Nausea and vomiting from general anesthesia.
Sore throat caused by the endotracheal tube.
Pain, and swelling around the incision site.
Restlessness and sleeplessness
Constipation and flatulence.
Shock caused by blood loss, infection, spine injury, or metabolic problems.
Deep vein thrombosis.
Reaction to anesthesia
Pulmonary complications contribute to perioperative morbidity and mortality in a similar level to cardiac complications.
Not all post-operative conditions are complications, and there is no time limit for the development of a complication.
Up to 18% of patients with obesity undergoing surgery have postop pulmonary complications, which is almost 2 times the risk of normal weight or overweight patients.