Noncommunicable disease

Share predisposing risk factors related to unhealthy lifestyle and include: cigarette smoking, hypertension, hyperglycemia, dyslipidemia, obesity, physical inactivity, and poor nutrition.

Refers to that group of diseases that or not transmissible among individuals and generally not infectious in nature.

NCDs account for more than 36 million worldwide deaths each year, making up 63% of annual global deaths.

It us the dominant cause of mortality and disability in the United States and world wide and consist of: cardiovascular diseases, cancer, chronic pulmonary diseases, and diabetes.

The prevalence of non-communicable diseases outranks injuries, communicable, maternal, neonatal, and nutritional disorders combined.
Modifiable risk factors such as diet, physical activity, and substance use are associated with development of many non-communicable diseases.

Chronic NCDs have replaced infectious disease as the major cause of health burden in the world.

Some segments of the population experience an elevated burden of disease throughout their life span and include those with disparities in access and medical services.

The risk of most chronic noncommunicable disease increases with age.

Older adults have the highest prevalence of chronic noncommunical conditions.

Sex diseases are commonly protracted rather than acute, and generally of slow tempo to their clinical course.
Noncommunicable diseases often reflect chronic effects of unhealthy lifestyles and diet and underlie much of the Multimorbidity observed in aging populations.

Most NCDs deaths are preventable.

2010 global cost of NCDs was $6.3 trillion.

In 2010 obesity estimated cause of 3.4 million deaths worldwide.

Obesity’s economic global impact is estimated to be $2 trillion annually.

Physical inactivity caused more than 5.3 of the 56 million global deaths in 2008 and currently is the fourth leading cause of death worldwide.

Pediatric onset disabilities may be congenital or acquired chronic conditions that originate during pregnancy or in childhood and consist of impairments in behavioral, intellectual, or physical function or associated with abnormal growth/development or physiological processes.
The population of pediatric onset disabilities will increase because of increased childhood survival rates and prevalence.

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