Dieting and low weight gain during pregnancy associated with neural tube defects.

Maternal traits that hypothesize to increase fetal growth include:

Higher body mass index

Higher fasting glucose

Gestational or type two diabetes

High triglycerides

Lower HDL cholesterol

Lower adiponectin

Maternal traits that are hypothesized to decrease fetal growth:


Lower vitamin D status

The rate of severe maternal morbidity is currently 144 per 10,000 delivery hospitalizations.

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