Left atrial volume

Correlates with the chronicity of increased left ventricular filling pressure.

Associated with the risk of cardiovascular disease, including morbidity and mortality of coronary artery disease, atrial fibrillation, stroke, systemic thromboembolism and congestive heart failure.

Indexed left atrial volume at the time of first ischemic stroke is a useful predictor of adverse cardiovascular events and might predict first ischemic strokes and subsequent mortality (Fatema).

Increased left atrial volume index is present in about 75% with first ever ischemic stroke.

Increased left atrial volume index is more prevalent in older individuals and in patients with a higher number of common cardiovascular risk factors.

Increased left atrial volume index is increased in most patients with ischemic stroke subtypes and is highly prevalent in patients with the cardio embolic subtype of stroke (94%).

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