Institute of Medicine

Definition of medical error: failure of a planned action to be completed as intended, or the use of a wrong plan to achieve an aim.

Reported in 1999 that 44-98,000 people die in U.S. hospitals each year because of preventable medical errors.

Hospital based errors account for the eighth leading cause of death in the U.S.

Up to 70% of surgical adverse events felt to be preventable.

More than half hospital deaths related to surgical errors and failures.

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