Hispanic health

About 1 in 6 people living in the US are Hispanic at almost 57 million.


By 2035, this could be nearly 1 in 4.

Hispanic death rate is 24% lower than whites.

Latins have higher rates of asthma morbidity and mortality.

Hispanics are about 50% more likely to die from diabetes or liver disease than whites.


Hispanics or Latinos are the largest racial/ethnic minority population in the US.


Hispanics have twice the incidence of dementia than White patients.


Heart disease and cancer in Hispanics are the two leading causes of death, accounting for about 2 of 5 deaths, which is about the same for whites. 

People from Central and South America who have Hispanic ethnicity have the highest prevalence of cholelithiasis.

Latins have higher rates of asthma morbidity and mortality.have lower deaths than whites from most of the 10 leading causes of death with three exceptions, more deaths from diabetes and chronic liver disease, and similar numbers of deaths from kidney diseases. 


Health risk can vary by Hispanic subgroup: 66% more Puerto Ricans smoke than Mexicans. 


Hispanics are almost 3 times as likely to be uninsured as whites. 

There is a lower prevalence of isomaltase and sucrase deficiency reported in Hispanics compared to Caucasians.

Hispanics in the US are on average nearly 15 years younger than whites.


Hispanics have different degrees of illness or health risks than whites:


Hispanics have 35% less heart disease and 49% less cancer.


A lower death rate overall, but about a 50% higher death rate from diabetes;

Diabetic foot ulcers and amputations are more common among Blacks and Hispanics.

Blacks and Hispanics have more advanced diabetic foot ulcers and peripheral artery, disease at presentation and are more likely to undergo lower extremity amputation.

24% more poorly controlled high blood pressure


23% more obesity


28% less colorectal screening


highest rates of spina bifida.


Mexicans and Puerto Ricans are about twice as likely to die from diabetes as whites. 


Mexicans also are nearly twice as likely to die from chronic liver disease and cirrhosis as whites.

Hispanics are predisposed to the development of alcohol associated hepatitis

Smoking overall among Hispanics (14%) is less common than among whites (24%)


Smoking is high among Puerto Rican males (26%) and Cuban males (22%).


Hispanics are as likely as whites to have high blood pressure. 


Cancers related to infections: cervical, stomach, and liver are more common among Hispanics born in another country.


Compared with US-born Hispanics, foreign-born Hispanics have:


About half as much heart disease;


48% less cancer;


29% less high blood pressure;


45% more high total cholesterol.


About 1 in 3 Hispanics has  not completed high school.


About 1 in 4 lives below the poverty line;


About 1 in 3 does not speak English well.


Among all racial and ethnic groups, Hispanics have the greatest prevalence, 1.3%, of niacin intakes below the daily allowance.


Black and Hispanic patients are less likely to receive opioid analgesics than  white patients. 


When black and Hispanic patients do receive opioids they commonly receive a lower dose than White counterparts.

Rates of cervical cancer are highest among Black and Hispanic women,

Increased incidence of acute lymphoblastic leukemia among Hispanics, and they have among the lowest survival rates.

Hispanic men have the highest incidence of cholangiocarcinoma.
In the US the risk of intracerebral hemorrhage is approximately 1.6 times as high among Black persons and Hispanic persons as among white persons.
There is some evidence that headaches may be more common in certain racial groups, such as African Americans and Hispanics.










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