Gonococcal ophthalmia neonatorum

A conjunctivitis occurring in infants during the first month of life.

Occurs when a gonococcal infection is transmitted to the newborn during delivery by women infected with N gonorrhoeae.

The rates of gonococcal conjunctivitis in infants are direct related to the rates of gonorrhea among women of reproductive age.

In the US, adolescents and young adult women have the highest rates of gonorrhea, with rates peaking at 19 years at 872.2 cases per 100,000 women, and among women age 20-24 year were 648.8 cases per hundred thousand women in 2017.

Estimated rates of gonorrhea among pregnant women in the US is not available.

In recent years the reported gonorrhea caseload has increased.

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