The risk of developing coronary heart disease or ischemic stroke among patients with type two diabetes is well-established.
Patients with type two diabetes are twice as likely to develop coronary heart disease as counterparts without type two diabetes, and 2–3 times is likely to develop ischemic stroke.
The risk of coronary heart disease among patients with greater than 10 years of type two diabetes duration approaches those with a prior history of coronary heart disease.
The prognosis of coronary heart disease and ischemic stroke is significantly worse in patients with type two diabetes mellitus compared with those without.
patients with type two diabetes have a heart failure incidence it is 2.5 times that of individuals without type 2 diabetes.
Women and younger adults with type two diabetes have a markedly elevated risk for heart failure.
Once heart failure has developed in patients with type two diabetes there is an additional 30% increase risk of mortality and the additional 35% increase risk of hospitalization for a median of three years.
Type two diabetes increases the risk of peripheral artery disease by 2–3 fold, and approximately 20-30% of patients with peripheral artery disease have diabetes.
patients with peripheral artery disease and type two diabetes have a significant likelihood of lower extremity amputation, or to develop other ischemic events in patients with peripheral artery disease without type two diabetes.