Degenerative disc disease

Not always symptomatic.

Treatments include either conservative fusion or non-fusion techniques.

When conservative treatment does not relieve pain spinal fusion is indicated for the cervical and lumbar spine.

Following fusion surgery suppression of motion at a specific level can accelerate adjacent segment degeneration as motion cannot be provided elsewhere.

A study of 71 patients with cervical fusion revealed adjacent level degeneration occurred in 73% of cases and 17% of patients required further surgery.

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