Refers to a bone disease involving the narrowing of the spinal canal at the level of the neck.
It is one of the most common forms of spinal stenosis, along with lumbar spinal stenosis.
Cervical spinal stenosis, can lead to the compression of the spinal cord, with serious symptoms such as pain, major body weakness and paralysis.
Such severe spinal stenosis symptoms are virtually absent in lumbar stenosis as the spinal cord terminates at the top end of the adult lumbar spine.
Nonsurgical treatments include:
Medicines to relieve pain and inflammation, such as acetaminophen or nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs)
Exercise can relieve symptoms.
Weight loss, to relieve symptoms and slow progression of the stenosis
Physical therapy, to provide education, instruction, on stretching and strength exercises that may lead to a decrease in pain and other symptoms.
Surgical treatments include:
Anterior cervical discectomy and fusion – A surgical treatment of nerve root or spinal cord compression by decompressing the spinal cord and nerve roots of the cervical spine with a discectomy to stabilize the corresponding vertebrae.
Laminoplasty -cutting the lamina on both sides of the affected vertebrae,cutting through on one side and merely cutting a groove on the other.
Laminectomy – A surgical procedure in which the lamina of the vertebra is removed or trimmed to widen the spinal canal and create more space for the spinal nerves and thecal sac.