Lipoprotein(a) is an LDL-like particle with additional apolipoprotein, apolipoprotein(a), attached to apolipoprotein B.
Apolipoprotein(a) is composed of peptide structures, named kringles, and the greater the repeat numbers of a subtype the structures called kingle IV type 2, the bigger its size
Large apolipoprotein(a) particles remain trapped in the liver and are degraded resulting in low concentrations of lipoprotein(a) in the blood
Evidence exists for an association between raised lipoprotein(a) and high cardiovascular disease risk in the general population.
Lipoprotein(a) is not only cholesterol rich, but has prothrombotic and pro-inflammatory properties.