Sums the numerical value of 5 clinical variables obtained 60 seconds after birth: heart rate, respiratory effort, reflex irritability, muscle tone and color.
Method to evaluate the physiologic condition and responsiveness of newborn infants and their chances for survival.
Normal 7-10 at one minute.
A score is assigned to virtually every newborn in a hospital.
A score at 5 minutes shows a stronger correlation than the one-minute score for neonatal mortality.
Using such scores alone is unsatisfactory for defining birth asphyxia or predicting neurologic outcome.
The Apgar score is determined by evaluating the newborn baby on five criteria: Appearance, Pulse, Grimace, Activity, Respiration (APGAR).
Heart rate: Absent (O), Below 100 (1),Over 100 (2).
Respiratory effort: Absent(0),Slow, irregular (1), Good, crying (2).
Muscle tone: Limp (0), Some flexion of extremities (1), Active motion (2).
Response to catheter in nostril:None (0), grimace (1), Sneeze/cough (2).
Color: Blue, pale (0), Pink body blue extremities (1), Pink all over.
Total score of 10 means the best possible condition of the infant.
Score at 5 minutes of 0-1 associated with a one month mortality of 50%.
One month mortality 20% with a score of 4 and almost 0% when the score is 7 or greater.
Among term infants with five-minute Apgar scores in the normal range 7-10, the risk of neonatal death was higher among those with a score of seven or eight then among those with the score of nine or 10.
Not a reliable indicator of long-term neurologic morbidity.